Shwe Bone Taung Special Greening Activity

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Shwe Bone Taung Special Greening Activity

Shwe Bone Taung special greening region is located about 1 mile north of Chauk township and along the easten part of the Ayeyarwaddy River and Chauk-Nyaung U road. The famous Shwe Bone Taung pagoda is situated at the peak point with of 535 ft (163.07 m) above sea level. The total area of the project site where special greening activities are being carried out is 12379 acres (5009.60 ha). Origional forest type of this project area is tropical dry forest. Soils are very poor having sandy loam soil. The tree species naturally grown in the area are Oxytenanthera albociliata (Warnwe), Khaung-lay, Vachellia leucophloea (Htanaung), Acacia catechu (Sha), Prosopis juliflora (Gandayasein), Millusa velutina (Tha-pywut-gyi), Tectona hamiltoniana (Dahat), premnapyramidata (Kyun-pho), Tha-paut, Millettia brandisiana (Thit-bagan), Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz (Swae-ni) and etc. As the micro-climate of around Shwe Bone Taung area is dry with low rainfall and as of annual rainfall, the area has 37 rainy days and 23.22 inches (589.79 mm) of rainfall in average per year within the 10-year period from 2010 to 2019.

Since 2000, to be able to use for greening activities, water from Ayeyarwady River is being pumped to 2 concrete tanks located on B3 rise having storage capacity of 20000 gallons (90922 liters) using electric power. The establishment of Neem plantation for Shwe Bone Taung greening purpose has started since 2001 and 3850 acres (1558.04 ha) have already been established up to 2012-2013 fiscal year. As part of the special greening activities, gap planting and supplementary planting with indigenous Neem trees using irrigated water from Ayeyarwady River is being implemented from 2010-2011 fiscal year to 2018-2019 fiscal year, are mentioned as below.

Sr. Fiscial Year No. of trees planted
1 2010-2011 60,000
2 2011-2012 75,450
3 2012-2013 79,413
4 2013-2014 30,901
5 2014-2015 10,296
6 2015-2016 31,470
7 2016-2017 10,500
8 2017-2018 10,500
9 6 months of 2018 14,000
10 2018-2019 17,200
  Total 339,730

A total of 18650 plants will be planted for special greening purpose in Shwe Bone Taung site, Chauk Township in the fiscal year 2019-2020 (in 2020 rainy season).