As one of its key activity, DZGD supports production, distribution and utilization on energy efficient stoves and fuelwood substitutes, with the aim to contribute its core ambition of greening and rehabilitation of central dry lands of Myanmar. Specifically, the department aims to significantly reduce the consumption of timber and fuelwood for daily cooking purpose in the region, and consequently the objectives of the department shall be fully realized. Dry Zone Greening Department has been implementing the following activities of the promotion utilization of fuelwood substitutes as supportive approach for mitigation and adaptation of climate change impacts and conservation of the forests/trees and environment.
Promoting the Utilization of fuelwood substitutes
(1) Efficient Stoves Distribution
In the dry zone region, the use of conventional three-stoned stoves wastes a lots of fuel wood energy, resulting over harvesting of natural forests, deforestration and degradation of natural forests in the area. Hence, A1 type efficient stoves with 40% safe fuelwood consumption compared to conventional three-stoned stoves have been introduced and distributed to local households free of charges in the region, through awaraness raising compaigns, environmental education centers and model villages establishments. The list of efficient stoves distributed by Dry Zone Greening Department in three regions between 1997-1998and 2019-2020 fiscal years is as follows:
|Sr.||Region||No. of efficient stoves distributed|
(2) Utilization of briquettes as a substitute for fuelwood
By Utilization of briquettes (together with efficient cooking stove) as a substitute for fuelwood in everyday cooking, households, restaurants, small and medium enterprises can get more cost-efficient and effective energy consumption. Therefore, the department has been facilitating and providing supports for the establishment of briquette factories to enhance efficient energy consumption in the region. The entrepreneurs from three regions have been producing, selling nd distributing different types of briquettes as fuelwood and charcoal substitutes. Major types of briquettes distributed in the regions are (1) rice husk briquettes (2) jujube husk briquettes (3) oil residue briquettes (4) coal powder briquettes (5) charcoal powder briquettes and (6) saw dust briquettes. The total number of briquettes consumed in the regions from 1997-1998 fiscal yearto 2019-2020 fiscal year are as follows.By Utilization of briquettes (together with efficient cooking stove) as a substitute for fuelwood in everyday cooking, households, restaurants, small and medium enterprises can get more cost-efficient and effective energy consumption. Therefore, the department has been facilitating and providing supports for the establishment of briquette factories to enhance efficient energy consumption in the region. The entrepreneurs from three regions have been producing, selling nd distributing different types of briquettes as fuelwood and charcoal substitutes. Major types of briquettes distributed in the regions are (1) rice husk briquettes (2) jujube husk briquettes (3) oil residue briquettes (4) coal powder briquettes (5) charcoal powder briquettes and (6) saw dust briquettes. The total number of briquettes consumed in the regions from 1997-1998 fiscal yearto 2019-2020 fiscal year are as follows.
|Sr.||Region||No. of briquettes consumed|
(3)Utilization of Agricultural Residues
As an alternative mean on promotion of utilization of fuelwood substitutes, DZGD has encouraged the local households to increase the use of locally available agricultural residues such as sesame stalks, pigeon pea stalks, cotton stalks and peanut shells, etc as fuelwood substitutes. The following table shows the total amount of agricultural residues used as fuelwood substitutes in Sagaing, Magway, and Mandalay Regions during the period of 1997-1998 fiscal year to 2019-2020 fiscal year.
|Sr.||Region||Agricultural residuesutilized (hoppus ton)|
(4)Establishment of Model Villages utilizing fuelwood substitutes
With the aim to gradually disseminate the idea and increase the coverage area using fuelwood substitutes, from model villages to model townships and model districts, a program on the establishment of model villages of utilizing fuelwood substitutes has been being implemented. Since 1997-1998, every year, one village in each 53 townships of DZGD working area has been selected and established as model village of utilizing fuelwood substitutes. The below table shows the number of model villages established in three regions from 1997-98 to 2019-2020 fiscal year.
|No.||Region||Number of Model Villages established|
Since 2014-2015 fiscal year, of the model villages established by year in the regions, those with remarkable long-term participation one village per year in each region have selected and awarded as outstanding model village.
(5)Environmental Education on Campaigns
The most effective way to enhance the awareness of the communities on environmental conservation and to educate them to use fuelwood substitutes widely in the region is conducting awareness campaigns at the village level. Environmental education and awareness campaigns were organized by the township staff officers, 2 times per month, from 2006-2007 to 2015-2016 fiscal year. Since 2014-2015 fiscal year, to enhance the effectiveness of these education and awareness campaigns, the regional directors region and assistant directors of the respective regions and districts also participate and led these activities. Starting from 2016-2017 fiscal year, township staff officers have been scaling up the awareness events up to 3 times per month within their townships. Number of environmental education campaigns organized by Dry Zone Greening Department within three regions from 1997-1998 to 2019-2020 fiscal year is as follow:
|Sr.||Region||The number of EnvironmentalEducation Campaigns organized|
(6)Establishment of Environmental Extension Centers
Intending to facilitate for wide use of energy saving efficient A1 stoves together with briquettes and agriculture residuces to promote self initiatives in planting, tending and wise use of trees by the communities and to develop a proactive and inclusive community approach on environmental conservation in the area, environmental education centers were established in the regions starting from 2014-2015 fiscal year: 2 centers per region (Total 6) and education events have been being organized at these centers by inviting the local communities students and the interested persons. Through these extension centers, 937 public education and awareness events on evniromental conservation have been organized from 2014-2015 fiscal year to 2019-2020 fiscal year. The environmental education centers established by DZGD by regions by region are as follows:
|Sr.||Region||Districts||Township||Name and environmental education Center|
|1||Sagaing||Shwe Bo||Wat Let||Yae Htwet Nursery|
|2||Sagaing||Yin Mar Bin||Yin Mar Bin||Kaung Hsint Nursery|
|3||Magway||Min Bu||Min Bu||Shwe Tabin Nursery|
|4||Magway||Magway||Magway||Daung Nay Nursery|
|5||Mandalay||Myingyan||Taung Tha||Dry Zone Botanical Nursery|
|6||Mandalay||Yamethin||Yamethin||Si Pin Nursery|